Exploration into the Barriers and Obstacles Constraining Diffusion and Adoption of Renewable Energy Solutions

Saskia Harkema, Florentin Popescu, Mirjam Leloux


By 2020, intermittent renewable small scale energy sources (e.g. wind and solar energy) are expected to represent about 17% of the EU’s total electricity consumption. However, a straight forward implementation of renewable energy options is not easy, due to various barriers and obstacles. In this paper we describe the intermediate outcomes of a European Partnership under the name of GREAT (Growing Renewable Energy Applications and Technologies), funded under the INTERREG IVB NWE Programme. GREAT aims to encourage communities and small to medium size enterprises (SMEs) to develop technological solutions for Smart Grid, Renewable Energy and Distributive Generation; research and develop policy issues for regulatory authorities and provide structured co-operation opportunities between SMEs and research institutes / technology developers. In this paper we explore what the main challenges are in relation to the diffusion and adoption process of renewable energy solutions and technologies in The Netherlands. Their target is that 14% of total electricity consumption is represented by renewable energy sources, while the share of renewables in final energy consumption was a mere 4.5% in 2013


Sustainable Energy Sources, Innovation, Diffusion, Renewable Energy Solutions

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International Journal of Economic Practices and Theories (IJEPT) ISSN: 2247 – 7225 (online)